TB Full Form, Symptoms and Treatment, Prevention Of Tuberculosis, FAQ.

TB Full Form Is tuberculosis. It is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis, and aerobic bacteria that gradually grow and can grow within the body’s cells. This mostly affects a person’s lungs. TB is curable, however, if proper treatment is not being taken by the patient, it may be the cause of death.
And Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis. And Bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria is ill. It is a highly infectious disease because it spreads from one person to another. For example, when a TB patient snatches or coughs, TB germs are left in the air. When a healthy person breathes these germs, he becomes infected. It is diagnosed by a skin test that is followed by X-rays of the chest if it is positive to detect the condition of the infection.

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TB Full Form In Hindi

टीबी का फुल फॉर्म टीबी होता है। यह एक संक्रामक रोग है जो माइकोबैक्टीरियम ट्यूबरकुलोसिस नामक बैक्टीरिया और एरोबिक बैक्टीरिया के कारण होता है जो धीरे-धीरे बढ़ता है और शरीर की कोशिकाओं के भीतर विकसित हो सकता है। यह ज्यादातर व्यक्ति के फेफड़ों को प्रभावित करता है। टीबी का इलाज संभव है, लेकिन यदि रोगी द्वारा उचित उपचार नहीं किया गया तो यह मृत्यु का कारण हो सकता है।
और क्षय रोग (टीबी) माइकोबैक्टीरियम ट्यूबरकुलोसिस नामक जीवाणु के कारण होता है। और बैक्टीरिया आमतौर पर फेफड़ों पर हमला करते हैं, लेकिन टीबी के बैक्टीरिया शरीर के किसी भी हिस्से जैसे किडनी, रीढ़ और मस्तिष्क पर हमला कर सकते हैं। टीबी बैक्टीरिया से संक्रमित हर कोई बीमार नहीं होता है। यह एक अत्यधिक संक्रामक रोग है क्योंकि यह एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति में फैलता है। उदाहरण के लिए, जब कोई टीबी रोगी छीनता है या खांसता है, तो टीबी के कीटाणु हवा में रह जाते हैं। जब एक स्वस्थ व्यक्ति इन कीटाणुओं को सांस लेता है तो वह संक्रमित हो जाता है। इसका निदान एक त्वचा परीक्षण द्वारा किया जाता है जिसके बाद छाती का एक्स-रे किया जाता है यदि यह संक्रमण की स्थिति का पता लगाने के लिए सकारात्मक है।

There are two major types of TB:

Latent TB:

In this type of TB, the infected person has germs in the body of the person, but they are not sick and do not transmit the disease. In addition, they do not show symptoms of TB. About 1/3 of the world’s population is infected with latent TB, which means they are infected, they are not yet sick and cannot transmit the disease. People who have a weak immune system, and suffer from malnutrition or other diseases such as diabetes or tobacco are at greater risk of being infected with TB or progressing from latent to active TB.

Active TB:

It is a serious type of TB in which germs multiply and cause disease and symptoms of TB. A person with active TB can spread TB to other healthy individuals.

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Some common symptoms of TB are as follows:

  • Cough that continues for more than two or three weeks
  • Pain in chest
  • coughing up blood
  • loss of appetite
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Fever, chills, and night sweat
  • pain in bones

TB Full Form: Tribe Treatment:

Treatment of TB is a long process in which the patient needs to take medicines regularly without any difference. For the treatment of TB, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced a plan to control TB. The scheme is known as ‘direct observation treatment, short courses’ (dots). According to this strategy, a nurse or any other health care activist prescribes TB medicines to patients and ensures that the patient takes the medicine regularly and completes the course.

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A TB patient can take the following precautions to prevent the spread of TB:

  • Cover the mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing. Before throwing it before sealing the tissue in a plastic bag or putting it in the dustbin
  • Wash hands properly after sneezing or cough
  • Stay at home, avoid going to work, school, market, or other public places
  • Do not go with other people and also invite anyone to see you
  • Avoid public transport
  • Wear a mask while going out for the work that cannot be avoided

Diagnosis of tuberculosis

In addition to all physical tests, other tests are available to diagnose the presence of infectious bacteria. These tests include certain body fluids tests – blood and sputum, skin tests, and chest X-rays.

Blood test: In this procedure, blood samples are collected and tested in laboratories for the presence or absence of TB germs in the blood cells.

Skin test: This is the most common type of test. In this procedure, a small sample of tuberculin — a purified protein — is injected under the patient’s skin. If the skin around the injection site is more than five millimeters swollen, it is a clear sign of TB infection.

Causes of Tuberculosis

  • Infants and older persons are at higher risk of getting TB infection.
  • Individuals with weakened immune systems are at increased risk.
  • Metabolic diseases such as diabetes can also increase the risk of contracting TB.
  • Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne disease that can be acquired through close contact with an infected person.
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the major causes of this dreaded infectious disease. It is a pathogenic bacterial species and mainly includes four other types of TB-causing bacteria, namely:
    • mycobacterium Bovis,
    • And mycobacterium Canetti,
    • mycobacterium Microti,
    • Mycobacterium African.
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FAQ On TB Full Form

What are the 3 stages of TB?

There are 3 stages of TB – exposure, latent and active disease. A TB skin test or a TB blood test can diagnose the disease. Treatment, as recommended, is necessary to cure the disease and prevent its spread to other people.

TB Full Form: Is TB a virus?

TB is a bacterial infection. And TB that affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) is the most contagious type, but it usually only spreads after prolonged exposure to someone with the disease.

Why is TB named so?

Tuberculosis, of course, derives its name from the Latin word tuber, which is a botanical term for an underground structure consisting of a solid rounded outgrowth of a more or less rounded form of the stem that bears the eyes, or buds. Which gives rise to new plants. may arise.

तपेदिक, निश्चित रूप से, लैटिन शब्द कंद से अपना नाम प्राप्त करता है, जो एक भूमिगत संरचना के लिए एक वानस्पतिक शब्द है जिसमें तने के अधिक या कम गोल रूप का एक ठोस गोल बहिर्वाह होता है जो आंखों, या कलियों को धारण करता है। जो नए पौधों को जन्म देता है। उत्पन्न हो सकता है।

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How do TB symptoms start?

TB disease usually develops slowly, and it may take several weeks before you notice that you are unwell. Your symptoms may not start until months or years after you were initially infected. Sometimes the infection does not cause any symptoms. This is known as latent TB.

टीबी रोग आमतौर पर धीरे-धीरे विकसित होता है, और आपको यह नोटिस करने में कई सप्ताह लग सकते हैं कि आप अस्वस्थ हैं। आपके लक्षण शुरू में संक्रमित होने के महीनों या वर्षों बाद तक शुरू नहीं हो सकते हैं। कभी-कभी संक्रमण किसी भी लक्षण का कारण नहीं बनता है। इसे गुप्त टीबी के रूप में जाना जाता है।

How does TB happen?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is spread when a person with active TB disease in the lungs coughs or sneezes and another person inhales the expelled droplets, which contain TB bacteria.

What is the TB mortality rate?

Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease. In 2018, there were an estimated 10 million incident TB cases and 1.5 million TB deaths, a decrease of 2% and 5%, respectively, from 2017.