SGOT Full Form Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. It is now commonly known as AST. It is an enzyme found in other tissues except for the liver, heart cells, skeletal muscles, kidneys, and bones. High levels of SGOT released into the blood can be a sign of liver or heart damage, cancer, or other diseases. It is also called aspartate transaminase and serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase.
The level of AST in the blood of a healthy person is usually low. The normal level of AST in the blood is about 5 to 40 units per liter of serum. And when there is damage to the liver, heart, kidneys, and other tissues, SGOT or AST is released into the blood. So, an increased level of AST in the blood can be caused by liver damage, heart attack, muscle injury, or damage to the tissue where it is present.
SGOT फुल फॉर्म सीरम ग्लूटामिक ऑक्सालोएसेटिक ट्रांसएमिनेस। इसे अब आमतौर पर एएसटी के रूप में जाना जाता है। यह लीवर, हृदय कोशिकाओं, कंकाल की मांसपेशियों, गुर्दे और हड्डियों को छोड़कर अन्य ऊतकों में पाया जाने वाला एंजाइम है। रक्त में छोड़ा गया एसजीओटी का उच्च स्तर यकृत या हृदय की क्षति, कैंसर या अन्य बीमारियों का संकेत हो सकता है।
एक स्वस्थ व्यक्ति के रक्त में एएसटी का स्तर आमतौर पर कम होता है। रक्त में एएसटी का सामान्य स्तर लगभग 5 से 40 यूनिट प्रति लीटर सीरम होता है। और जब लीवर, हृदय, गुर्दे और अन्य ऊतकों को नुकसान होता है, तो SGOT या AST को रक्त में छोड़ दिया जाता है। तो, रक्त में एएसटी का बढ़ा हुआ स्तर लीवर की क्षति, दिल का दौरा, मांसपेशियों में चोट, या ऊतक जहां यह मौजूद है, को नुकसान के कारण हो सकता है।
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SGOT Full Form: Why is it used
An SGOT test can be used to help your doctor diagnose liver damage or liver disease. When liver cells are damaged, SGOT leaks into the bloodstream, increasing the level of this enzyme in your blood.
The test can be used to evaluate liver health for people who are already known to have conditions that affect their liver, such as hepatitis C.
SGOT is found in many areas of your body, including your kidneys, muscles, heart, and brain. If any of these areas are damaged, your SGOT level may be higher than normal. For example, the level may be raised during a heart attack or if you have suffered a muscle injury.
Because SGOT is visible throughout your body, part of the liver profile also includes the ALT test. ALT is another essential liver enzyme. Unlike SGOT, it is found in the highest amounts in the liver. And an ALT test is often a more definitive indicator of potential liver damage.
SGOT Full Form: Risks associated with SGOT testing
There are very few risks involved in having an SGOT test. Make sure you are well hydrated the night before to help prevent episodes of feeling light-headed or faint. If you feel light-headed or faint after the procedure, tell the technicians. They will let you sit and can bring you water until you feel well enough to get up and go.
Prepare for the SGOT Test
The SGOT test is a simple blood test. This can technically be done without any special preparation. And Still, there are steps you can take to make the process easier.
Avoid taking any over-the-counter (OTC) medicines, including acetaminophen (Tylenol), in the two days before your test. If you take them, remember to tell your doctor. Before having the test you should tell your doctor about all the medicines you are taking so that they can count them when reading the results.
Also, drink plenty of water the night before your test. And Staying hydrated will make it easier for your technician to draw your blood. Make sure you wear something that allows your forearm preferably to the elbow – to be easily accessible for the technician to drain the blood.
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A doctor may order the test along with the AST blood test or follow-up tests. This is to ensure a proper diagnosis and help determine the best course of treatment. Reliable sources for these tests may include:
- ALT test: A doctor may order an ALT test along with the AST test.
- Platelet count: Low platelet levels may indicate HELLP syndrome during pregnancy.
- Coagulation panel: This measures the functioning of proteins related to clotting that the liver produces.
- Complete metabolic panel: This assesses how well the kidneys and liver are working and shows the level of electrolytes.
- Bilirubin test: A bilirubin test checks the level of a byproduct produced when the liver breaks down red blood cells.
- Glucose test: High or low blood sugar levels can indicate a liver problem.
- Viral test: This can help doctors check for hepatitis.
- Imaging: A doctor may order images of the liver via ultrasound.
FAQ On SGOT Full Form
What does a high level of SGOT mean?
If your SGOT test results are high, it means that one of the enzyme-containing organs or muscles may be damaged. These include your liver, but also your muscles, heart, brain, and kidneys. And Your doctor may order follow-up tests to rule out another diagnosis.
What is SGOT in the human body?
The AST test measures the level of aspartate aminotransferase, also known as AST or SGOT. AST is one of the enzymes that helps the liver convert food into energy. High levels of these enzymes can be a sign that the liver is injured or irritated, and the enzymes are leaking out of liver cells.
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How long does it take to reduce SGOT?
It completely depends on the underlying cause, if it is hepatitis A infection, it should return to normal within 3 to 4 weeks after the start of treatment. This may vary if there is hepatitis B or any other cause, including a toxic injury caused by drugs or alcohol.
How can I reduce my SGOT naturally?
Keep an eye on what you eat. Increase vitamin D in your diet. Vitamin D helps prevent damage to your liver and reduces SGPT levels. Therefore Oranges, soy milk, mushrooms, apples, eggs, fortified cereals, tofu, dairy products, cod liver oil, oysters, and green leafy vegetables are good sources of vitamin D.
What is the function of SGOT?
AST, or aspartate aminotransferase, is one of two liver enzymes. And It is also known as serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase or SGOT. And AST is a protein made by liver cells. When liver cells are damaged, AST leaks into the bloodstream, and the level of AST in the blood becomes elevated.