PCO Full Form:- The PCO in India and Pakistan was inspired by the model of public telephone boxes, which were operational in the United Kingdom. The first PCO in India was established in the 1960s. It was one of the most revolutionary inventions of that time. It allowed people to communicate with each other.
Various phone booths were set up in different parts of India. Initially, people were sceptical about the use of PCO. There were all kinds of confusions and misunderstandings such as whether it would be costly and whether anyone else could listen to their conversations. As time passed, all these misconceptions and apprehensions got resolved and people started enjoying this boon of technology.
Public Call Office
A public call office is a phone set up for the general public in various areas in rural and urban India. Various telephone booths are functioning in different parts of the country. Public call offices came into existence to reduce the gap between the people and increase the connectivity of the place. This article will throw light on the importance of PCOS.
History of PCO
In the 1880s, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, while the phone booth design was created by William Gray in 1889 in the United States. After which phone booths were installed in the United Kingdom in the 1920s. Phone booths came to India in the 1980s and revolutionized the lives of the great Indian common man. In India, the concept of PCO came to life when the first PCO was Telecom Officer Mr R.L. Presented by Dubey. PCOs can be divided into landline and wireless. The landline version is the oldest type of PCO, while wireless is the newest.
How does PCO Work: PCO Full Form
PCO basically operates by flipping the coin and dialling the phone number of the person you want to call. The telecom sector of PCO is ruled by the government giant, BSNL. Other private companies also like Reliance and Idea; Airtel is the second number. In earlier times, operational PCOs were postpaid PCOs with landlines.
According to recent statistics, MTNL (Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited) and BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited) control the phone booth market in India. There are currently two types of PCOs working in India. One is operated manually or physically, and the other type is operated by physically inserting a coin into the phone box. BSNL and MTNL are both prevalent in India, but BSNL rules most of the market.
In India, the latest form of PCO has also developed with the introduction of public internet cafes. It was introduced in India by BSNL on 18 August 2013 in Bhopal. Chief General Manager of BSNL unit in Bhopal Shri N.K. Yadav opened it in an internet cafe while working on a broadband connection.
Main Features of PCO
- Automatic aggregate entry of calls made on PCO is recorded for the previous day.
- Automatic entry of calls made into the system is always
- The codes are also readily available if you are going to call in a particular state.
- Keyboard shortcuts used to make calls are also available.
- A control panel appears and shows that calls are in progress.
- Printout of all calls can be taken.
Importance of PCO
- PCOs bridge the gap between people living far and near.
- PCOs are much cheaper, easier to use, and less complicated.
- PCOs along with booths have been set up everywhere to provide necessary privacy to the people while making calls.
- PCOs are very important in rural areas because the same coin is used; You can connect with anyone on a phone call.
PCO Advantages and Disadvantages: PCO Full Form
- PCOs are relatively cheap.
- It is very reliable.
- PCOs are not affected by inclement weather and voltage fluctuations.
- With PCO, you can save and record all calls made from the telephone booth.
- If we want to print the last call, special keys are set up to show the journal entry.
- In PCO it can print and call simultaneously
- These days on mobile phones we can call for free from the internet but still, you have to pay for PCO
- PCOS are out of date; They are not used much in big cities.
- While calling from PCO we do not know whether the other person is there to take the call or not.
- When you cannot see the other person on the call from PCO.
- We cannot send documents, pictures etc from PCO.
How is PCO treated?
Treatment for PCOS depends on several factors. These may include your age, how severe your symptoms are, and your overall health. The type of treatment may also depend on whether you want to become pregnant in the future.
If you plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:
Changes in diet and activity. A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood sugar levels, and help you ovulate.
Ovulation-inducing drugs. Medicines can help the ovaries release eggs normally. There are some risks of these medicines as well. They can increase the chance of multiple births (twins or more). And they can cause ovarian hyperstimulation. It occurs when the ovaries release too many hormones. This can cause symptoms such as flatulence and pelvic pain.
If you do not plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:
contraceptive pills. This help regulates the menstrual cycle, reduce androgen levels, and reduce acne. Diabetes medicine. It is often used to reduce insulin resistance in PCOS. This can help reduce androgen levels, slow hair growth, and help you ovulate more regularly.
Changes in diet and activity. A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood sugar levels, and help you ovulate. Medicines to treat other symptoms. Some medications may help with hair growth or reduce acne.
What are the Complications: PCO Full Form
Women with PCOS are more likely to develop some serious health problems. These include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart and blood vessel problems, and uterine cancer. Women with PCOS often have problems with the ability to become pregnant (fertility).
Living with PCO
Some women struggle with the physical symptoms of PCOS, such as weight gain, hair growth, and acne. Cosmetic treatments, such as electrolysis and laser hair removal, can help you feel better about your appearance. Talk with your healthcare provider about the best ways to treat the symptoms that are bothering you.
PCOS is a very common hormone problem for women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, have high levels of androgens, and have many small cysts on the ovaries. PCOS can cause missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, infertility, and weight gain.
Women with PCOS may be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and endometrial cancer. The types of treatment for PCOS may depend on whether the woman is planning to become pregnant. Women who are planning to become pregnant in future can take different types of medicines.
Next Steps: PCO Full Form
Tips to help you get the most out of your healthcare provider visit:
Before your visit, write down the questions you want to be answered. Bring someone with you so you can ask questions and remember what your provider tells you. At the visit, write down the names of new medicines, treatments, or tests and any new instructions your provider gave you. If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose of that visit. Learn how to contact your provider if you have questions.
What Happens When Women Have PCO?
- During PCOS, it does not release mature eggs from the ovaries, as the eggs become trapped in small fluid-filled cysts.
- So, Most often, it is identified in women in their 20s and 30s.
- For PCOS diagnosis, a pelvic exam, an ultrasound and certain blood tests may be used.
- PCOS can cause menstrual irregularities, infertility, male pattern baldness, heavy menstrual bleeding, darkening of the skin, weight gain, and skin problems such as hair growth or acne.
- It may increase the risk of exposure during pregnancy.
- A pregnant woman may also be more prone to miscarriage, high BP and gestational diabetes.
Symptoms: PCO Full Form
PCOS symptoms often begin around the time of the first period. Sometimes symptoms develop for some time after menstruation.
The symptoms of PCOS vary. PCOS is diagnosed when you have at least two of the following:
- irregular periods. Infrequent or irregular periods are common symptoms of PCOS. So are periods that last for several days or are longer than normal for a given period. For example, you may have fewer than nine periods a year. And this menstruation can also be apart from 35 days. You may have trouble getting pregnant.
- Too much androgen. High levels of the hormone androgen can result in excess hair on the face and body. This is called hirsutism. Sometimes severe acne and male pattern baldness may also occur.
- Also, Polycystic ovary. Your ovaries may be enlarged. Several follicles containing immature eggs may develop around the edge of the ovary. The ovaries may not work the way they should.