NGT Full Form:- The National Green Tribunal is a specialized judicial body established in 2010 as per the National Green Tribunal Act with expertise for the purpose of adjudication of environmental matters in the country. Recognizing that most environmental cases involve multi-disciplinary issues that are better addressed in a specialized forum, the Tribunal was established in accordance with the recommendations of the Supreme Court.
Law Commission to develop and effectively enforce national laws on the environment and India’s international law obligations. Also, The tribunal is tasked with providing effective and expeditious remedies in matters relating to environmental protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources and enforcement of any legal rights relating to the environment. The orders of the Tribunal are binding and have the power to award relief in the form of compensation and damages to the affected persons.
About the US
The National Green Tribunal has been on 18.10.2010 the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources, including enforcement of any legal rights relating to the environment. to do is included. To do and give relief Compensation for damage to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or connected therewith. It is a body with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be by the principles of natural justice.
The tribunal’s dedicated jurisdiction in environmental matters will provide speedy environmental justice and help reduce the burden of litigation in the High Courts. It is mandatory for the Tribunal to endeavour to dispose of the applications or appeals finally within 6 months from the date of filing. Initially, the NGT is to be set up at five places sitting and will follow a circuitous process to make itself more accessible. So, New Delhi is the principal seat of the tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai will be the other four seats of the tribunal.
What is the composition of the Tribunal?
The tribunal has a presence in five regions – North, Central, East, South and West. The Principal Bench is located in the Northern Region, with its headquarters in Delhi. The Central Zone bench is located at Bhopal, East Zone at Kolkata, South Zone at Chennai and West Zone at Pune.
The Tribunal is over by the Chairperson who sits in the Principal Bench and consists of at least ten but not more than twenty judicial members and at least ten but not more than twenty expert members.
Who can Submit Cases to The Tribunal and what Types of Cases are Heard: NGT Full Form
Any person seeking relief and compensation for environmental damage relating to the matters included in the statutes enumerated in Schedule I to the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 may approach the Tribunal.
Schedule I contains statutes:
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
- So, Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980;
- The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
- Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
- Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
- Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
The Tribunal has jurisdiction over all civil matters involving a substantial question relating to the environment and the question. Further, any person aggrieved by the order/direction of any Appellate Authority under the above-mentioned laws may challenge the same before the National Green Tribunal.
Objectives of the National Green Tribunal (NGT)
Some of the major objectives of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) are as follows:
- Effective and expeditious disposal of matters relating to the protection and conservation of the environment, forests and other natural resources.
- Also, To provide relief and compensation for any damage caused to persons and properties.
- To handle various environmental disputes which involve multi-disciplinary issues.
- Composition of NGT
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) consists of three principal bodies:
- Judicial Member, and
- Expert Member.
- Also, the NGT should have a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 20 full-time judicial as well as expert members.
Powers of NGT
Over the years, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has evolved into an important body for the regulation of the environment and for passing strict orders on issues related to pollution. Also, deforestation, waste management etc. Some of the major powers of the National Green Tribunal include:
- NGT provides a way for the development of environmental jurisprudence through the development of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.
- So, It helps in reducing the burden of litigation on environmental matters in the High Courts.
- NGT provides a speedy resolution to various environmental disputes which is less formal and less costly.
- It curbs activities that harm the environment. NGT ensures strict observation of the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process.
NGT Full Form: Principles of Justice Adopted by NGT
The NGT is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be by the principles of natural justice. Further, the NGT is also not bound by the rules of evidence in the Indian Evidence Act of 1872. Thus, it would be relatively easier for conservation groups to present facts and issues before the NGT (as opposed to going to court). This points out technical flaws in a project or proposes alternatives that could reduce environmental damage but have not been.
While passing orders/decisions/awards, the NGT shall apply the principles of sustainable development. The precautionary principle and the polluter pays principles.
What are the challenges associated with the functioning of NGT?
Also, Two important Acts – the Wildlife (Protection). Act, 1972 and the Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – have been kept out of the jurisdiction of the NGT. This restricts the jurisdiction of the NGT and at times hampers its functioning as the issue of vital forest rights is directly linked to the environment.
The decisions of the NGT are being in various High Courts under Article 226 (Power of High Courts to issue certain writs), many claiming the superiority of the High Court over the NGT, claiming that the ‘High Court is a constitutional body whereas NGT is a statutory body. ‘.” This is one of the weaknesses of the Act as it lacks clarity about the types of decisions that can be; however, as per the NGT Act, its decisions can be in the Supreme Court.
FAQs on NGT Full Form
What is the NGT rule?
The National Green Tribunal (Method of appointment of Judicial and Expert Members, salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of the Chairperson and other Members and procedure for holding inquiry) Amendment Rules, 2012.
Where is NGT located?
The principal bench of the National Green Tribunal is located in Delhi, while other benches are at Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai.
What punishment can NGT give?
Whoever fails to comply with any order or decision or award of the Tribunal under this Act, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with a fine which may extend to ten crore rupees or with both, and if the failure or contravention continues, with an additional fine.
What is the age limit for NGT?
The maximum age limit for appointment by deputation shall not exceed 56 years as of the closing date of receipt of applications. 1. The Competent Authority NGT Full Form reserves the right either to fill up the post or not to proceed. With the appointment without assigning any reason.
Can you feed the patient with NGT?
Also, a nasogastric tube (NG tube) is a special tube that carries food and medicine through the nose to the stomach. It can be for all feedings or to provide extra calories to an individual.
How is NGT inserted at home?
Hand the patient a glass of water with a straw. And ask him to arch his neck backwards. Insert the tube and slowly advance it toward your nasopharynx, with the curved end pointing down. When the end passes through the nasopharynx. Have the patient tilt his head forward and swallow a sip of water.
Can nurses apply for NGT?
Clinical nurses are responsible for inserting the NGT, verifying its placement, and administering feedings. And monitoring or managing complications.
What is Rule 22 of NGT?
So, Any person is aggrieved by any award. The decision or order of the Tribunal may file an appeal to the Supreme Court. Within ninety days from the date of communication of the award. So, Decision or order of the Tribunal, to him, on any one of the civil In excess of the grounds specified in section 100 of the Code of Procedure, 1908.
Can you drink NGT water?
A nasogastric tube is a special tube that is inserted through. Your nose down into your stomach. Also, This tube allows you to get liquid feeds, water, and sometimes medicine directly into your stomach.