IC Full Form, Integrated Circuit

IC Full Form, Integrated Circuit and Its Types and Application Importance & FAQs

IC Full Form:- IC stands for Integrated Circuit. It is a small electronic device made of semiconductor material. It consists of various microscopic elements such as transistors, diodes, capacitors and resistors. All these elements are interconnected and fabricated as a single unit on a thin sheet of semiconductor material, especially silicon. ICs are used in various devices such as microprocessors, audio equipment, video equipment, mobiles, television sets and automobiles. It is also called a chip or microchip. It was created primarily with the aim of placing as many transistors as possible on a semiconductor chip. The first IC or microchip was developed by Jack Kilby in 1958.

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The full form of IC is Integrated Circuit. It is a small size electronic device made of semiconductor material containing many microscopic elements such as diodes and transistors. resistor and capacitor. All these elements are interconnected and assembled as a single unit on a thin sheet of semiconductor, usually silicon. ICs are used in a wide range of devices, such as television sets, microprocessors, automobiles, audio and video equipment, and mobile devices, and are often referred to as microchips or chips. It was primarily designed to accommodate as many transistors as possible on a semiconductor chip.


Types of Integrated Circuits

Jack Kilby created the first IC or microchip in 1958. Over the centuries, many innovations occurred, and ICs went through a series of evolutions that saw them incorporate ever greater numbers of transistors and other electronic components. According to the level of integration of electronic components, ICs can be classified as –

  • SSI (Small Scale Integration) – 1 to 100 transistors per IC or cube.
  • MSI (Medium Scale Integration) – 1000 to several million transistors for each IC or cube.
  • VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) – 100 thousand to 1 million transistors for each IC or cube.
  • ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) – IC, with millions or even billions of transistors per chip. eg. Processor for computer.

ICs are also classified as analogue ICs, digital ICs or a mixture of both.

IC Full Form: Advantages of IC

  • The size of an IC is very small compared to the discrete circuit.
  • ICs weigh exceptionally little compared to complete discrete circuits.
  • It is highly reliable.
  • Despite its small size, it has low energy consumption.
  • It can be easily replaced if there is a problem.
  • Temperature variation between circuit elements is slight.
  • It is suitable for minimum signal operation.

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IC Full Form
IC Full Form

IC limits

  • It can only handle a limited amount of power.
  • p-n-p high-grade chamber is not possible.
  • It is difficult to achieve the low-temperature coefficient effectively.
  • Power dissipation is limited to 10 watts.
  • Low noise and high voltage operation are not easily achieved.
  • If there is any kind of fault, it is difficult to fix it.


Several generations of IC development have passed. These later developments included more transistors and other electronic components in them and can be classified accordingly:

  • Small Scale Integration (SSI): One to one hundred transistors per chip or IC.
  • Medium Scale Integration (MSI): IC with hundreds to thousands of transistors.
  • Large-Scale Integration (LSI): ICs with thousands to millions of transistors.
  • Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI): One million to one million transistors per chip or IC.
  • Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI): ICs with millions or even billions of transistors per chip. As. computer processor

IC Function

Nowadays, all the electronic equipment we use in our homes has integrated circuits. For example- television, laptop, cell phone, tablet etc. The primary function of an integrated circuit is to control the flow of electricity through the various components in an electronic device. The full form of IC is Integrated Circuit as it is a microchip which contains thousands of electronic components, which are made up of millions of transistors, resistors and capacitors.

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It could be smaller than a grain of rice and hold more electronic components than any previous technology. The first IC was developed by Jack Kilby in 1958. He received a patent for his invention in 1960. In 1969, Robert Noyce of Texas Instruments developed a way to build multiple circuits on a single IC. So, He called his design an integrated circuit, based on Kilby’s name for his invention.

Integrated Circuit Design: IC Full Form

There are two types of integrated circuits-

Digital IC- These are mainly used in all those electronic devices which deal with numbers or digits like computers or machines which use digits for their major calculations.

Analog ICs – These are mainly used in electronic devices that have nothing to do with numbers or digits, such as sound systems that generate sound waves from an electrical signal. An example of an analogue IC is a microphone preamplifier circuit. This type of circuit has a high impedance which means it can take a weak signal and amplify it without adding noise to the signal.

Importance of IC

ICs have got an edge over discrete circuits:


The cost is very low due to the fact that the chips are printed as a single unit with all their components with the help of photolithography ignoring the factor of applicability single transistor at a time. In this case, in addition, integrated circuits that are packaged use significantly less material than discrete circuits.

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IC Full Form
IC Full Form


Due to their small size and close proximity, the components of the IC can be switched quickly with the factor that these are low-power consumption devices.

IIC Full Form: Integrated Circuit Design Work

The primary function of an integrated circuit (IC) is to act as a miniature electronic circuit that can perform a specific set of functions. ICs are used in a wide range of devices, including computers, cell phones, and other electronic gadgets. Also, IC is a small piece of semiconductor material specially designed to contain thousands of electronic components. These components may include transistors, resistors and capacitors.

Also, By packing all these components into a small area, the IC can provide a high level of performance in a very small package. One of the primary advantages of using ICs is that they can be mass-produced very cheaply. This makes them a cost-effective option for a wide range of electronic components. In addition, the ICs are also very reliable and can be used in a wide range of operating conditions.

FAQs on IC Full Form

What is the function of IC?

An IC can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, counter, logic gate, computer memory, microcontroller, or microprocessor. An IC is the fundamental building block of all modern electronic devices.

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What is IC’s short answer?

An integrated circuit (IC), also called a microelectronic circuit, microchip, or chip is an assembly of electronic components, designed as a single unit, that includes active devices (e.g., transistors and diodes) and passive devices (e.g. transistors and diodes). , capacitors and resistors) are shorted. And their interconnections are made on the thin.

What is the full form of IC in college?

If a grade correction or removal of an incomplete form is not submitted by the due date, the grade of Incomplete (I) will automatically be converted to an Incomplete Fee (IC), which is equivalent to an “F”. “IC” replaces the “I” and is counted as a failing grade for GPA and progress point calculations.

What is the IC qualification?

So, The IC quality level is determined by the target market: consumer, space, automotive, etc. Each market has its own quality requirements. It is advisable to check the required quality level by conducting customer interviews.

IC Full Form
IC Full Form

What is the salary of an IC design engineer in India?

Also, IC Design Engineer salary in India ranges from ₹ 2.4 Lakh to ₹ 96.0 Lakh with an average annual salary of ₹ 13.0 Lakh. Salary estimates are based on the 20 most recent salaries for IC design engineers.

How many types of IC are there?

Integrated Circuit Design:

So, The two categories of IC design are as follows: Analog design. digital design. Mixed Design.

What is IC in the power supply?

Integrated circuit (IC) power supplies receive an unregulated input and provide a regulated output voltage. They take unregulated input, transform and/or regulate it to another voltage level, and output the adjusted power.

How is IC made?

In the manufacturing process of ICs, electronic circuits are formed on the surface of a silicon crystal wafer with components such as transistors. Also, a thin film layer that will form the wires, transistors and other components is deposited on the wafer (deposition). The thin film is coated with a photoresist.

What is IC Student?

A person with IC was rated as open-minded and respectful by tolerant and inquisitive students who lived primarily in the United States or had lived outside the United States for at least six months.

What does IC mean in teaching?

Direction-check question:

If asking whether instructions are clear, an alternative strategy is to ask precise check questions, for example: How many words do you need to write? Will you be speaking during this task? So, These are sometimes called instruction-checking questions (ICQs).

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What is IC Test Engineer?

Also, as an IC Test Engineer at Melexis, you develop and validate a solution for testing Integrated Circuits (ICs). You ensure the proper balance between cost, quality and time. Your test solution will be implemented to test 100% of the chip at 3 different temperatures prior to delivery to the customer.


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