HIV Full Form

HIV Full Form is Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It harms your system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. This puts you in danger for serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Overview:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) may be a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your system , HIV interferes together with your body’s ability to fight infection and disease.

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HIV may be a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It also can be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding. Without medication, it’s going to take years before HIV weakens your system to the purpose that you simply have AIDS.

There’s no cure for HIV/AIDS, but medications can dramatically slow the progression of the disease. These drugs have reduced AIDS deaths in many developed nations. HIV Full Form is Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

What is HIV positive?

Being HIV positive means you’ve got AIDS. Being HIV positive means you’ve got the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. AIDS means your system is so weak it cannot fight certain infections or cancers because you’ve got HIV.

How is HIV caused?

Cause. The HIV infection is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is spread when blood, semen, or vaginal fluids from an infected person enter another person’s body, usually through sexual contact, from sharing needles when injecting drugs, or from mother to baby during birth.

How does the HIV virus work?

HIV infects white blood cells within the body’s system called T-helper cells (or CD4 cells). The virus attaches itself to the T-helper cell; it then fuses with it, takes control of its DNA, replicates itself and releases more HIV into the blood. HIV Full Form is Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, counting on the phase of infection.

Primary infection (Acute HIV)

Some people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within two to four weeks after the virus enters the body. This illness, referred to as primary (acute) HIV infection, may last for a couple of weeks. Possible signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Rash
  • Sore throat and painful mouth sores
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Cough
  • Night sweats

These symptoms are often so mild that you simply won’t even notice them. However, the quantity of virus in your bloodstream (viral load) is sort of high at this point . As a result, the infection spreads more easily during primary infection than during subsequent stage.

Clinical latent infection (Chronic HIV)

In this stage of infection, HIV remains present within the body and in white blood cells. However, many of us might not have any symptoms or infections during this point .

This stage can last for several years if you are not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Some people develop more severe disease much sooner.

Progression to AIDS:

Thanks to better antiviral treatments, most of the people with HIV within the U.S. today don’t develop AIDS. Untreated, HIV typically turns into AIDS in about 8 to 10 years.

When AIDS occurs, your system has been severely damaged. you will be more likely to develop opportunistic infections or opportunistic cancers — diseases that wouldn’t usually cause illness during a person with a healthy system .

The signs and symptoms of a number of these infections may include:
  • Sweats
  • Chills
  • Recurring fever
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth
  • Persistent, unexplained fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Skin rashes or bumps

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