AIDS Full Form is Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS may be a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your system, HIV interferes together with your body’s ability to fight infection and disease. AIDS may be a disease of the human system caused by the infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The initial symptoms of this disease could also be a quick period of influenza-like illness. AIDS may be a disease that will progress for an extended period of your time with no symptoms. because the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the system and makes the infected person too weak and thus vulnerable to common infections like Tuberculosis, tumors, asthma, etc.
Also Read: OPD Full Form
What are AIDS and the way it’s caused?
Cause. HIV infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV spread when blood, semen, or vaginal fluids from an infected person enter another person’s body, usually through sexual contact, from sharing needles when injecting drugs, or from mother to baby during birth.
How does the AIDS virus kill you?
How does HIV kill you? HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and on its own, it doesn’t kill you. The virus can survive and grow only by infecting, and destroying, the system. This continual assault on the system makes it weaker and weaker until it’s not ready to repel infections.
Why is it called AIDS?
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) may be a syndrome caused by an epidemic called HIV. Acquired means people aren’t born with the disease. They catch on after infected with the HIV virus.
How HIV virus infects?
The HIV virus attacks on the T-cells within the system and makes your body so weak that it is often easily suffering from bacteria, viruses, and fungi. In starting weeks, so it can show symptoms sort of a headache, fever, sore joints, and muscles, etc. When the infection spreads, the human system becomes weaker and loses its ability to fight normal infections, diseases, and cancers. AIDS is that the extreme condition of this infection, i.e. an individual infected with HIV will reach AIDS, if not treated properly.
Stages of HIV:
The HIV infection is split into three stages;
- Acute HIV Infection
- Chronic HIV Infection
- AIDS/ Advanced Infection
Acute HIV Infection: This is often the primary stage of HIV infection. Generally, the symptoms of HIV infection don’t appear instantly after the infection. So, people do not know directly once they are infected with HIV. It takes around two to four weeks for the initial symptoms of HIV to seem. This stage starts when the symptoms of HIV start appearing. This stage additionally called primary HIV infection or acute retroviral syndrome. The flu-like sickness is that the main symptom during this stage understood as acute HIV infection. AIDS Full Form is Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.
Chronic HIV Infection: This is often the second stage of HIV infection. during this stage, the system loses the battle with HIV and therefore the flu-like symptoms disappear. So the opposite symptoms may take months or years to seem. Doctors call this stage an asymptomatic or clinical latent period. during this stage, the virus starts replicating within the body that gently weakens the system. You’ll not look or feel sick, so there are chances that you simply can pass HIV to others. So, the first testing for HIV is extremely important, albeit you’re feeling fine.
AIDS/Advanced Infection: This is often the third and advanced stage of HIV infection. During this stage, your CD4 T-cell number goes below 200 and your immunity decreases drastically which causes you to more vulnerable to opportunistic infections.
Reasons for HIV infection:
HIV often found in saliva, tears, blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, and systema nervosum tissue. However, only the HIV found in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk found to transmit the infection to others. AIDS Full Form is Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.
Aids often transmit from person to person in many ways:
- By unprotected intercourse with an infected person
- By transfusion
- From mother to a toddler (By birth), it also can spread by breastfeeding
- Through head, in some cases, so it can possible by deep kissing
- By the utilization of hypodermic needles
- Artificial insemination with denoted semen infected with HIV
- Through a donated organ received from an infected donor
Symptoms of AIDS:
Aids often transmitted from person to person in many ways:
- Rapid weight loss
- Recurring fever or extreme night sweats
- Sore throat
- Extreme tiredness, Muscles, and joint pain
- HIV Aids symptoms
Prevention of AIDS/HIV:
1. Avoid sexual activity with any of the following:
- People infected or suspected of infected with AIDS
- Multiple partners
- A person who has multiple partners
- A person who takes IV drugs
2. don’t use intravenous drugs
3. Avoid exposure to blood when the HIV status of the bleeding person is unknown
4. The HIV positive person shouldn’t donate blood, plasma, sperm and body organs
5. HIV positive women should take the specified precaution and medications to scale back the probabilities of infection to the unborn children
6. HIV positive women shouldn’t breastfeed
7. sexual activity practices like the use of latex condoms should adopt